Volume 6, Issue 2, June 2018, Page: 24-32
Screening for Drought Tolerance in Tepary and Common Bean Based on Osmotic Potential Assays
Jose Cruz Jimenez-Galindo, Maize Genetics and Breeding, Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Pontevedra, Spain; Bean Genetics and Breeding, National Institute of Forestry, Agriculture and Livestock Research (INIFAP), Cuauhtemoc, Mexico
Lorena Alvarez-Iglesias, Maize Genetics and Breeding, Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Pontevedra, Spain
Pedro Revilla-Temino, Maize Genetics and Breeding, Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Pontevedra, Spain
Rodolfo Jacinto-Soto, Department of Plant Sciences, Autonomous University of Chapingo, Bermejillo, Mexico
Luis Enrique Garcia-Dominguez, Department of Plant Sciences, Autonomous University of Chihuahua, Chihuahua, Mexico
Maria de La Fuente-Martinez, Maize Genetics and Breeding, Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Pontevedra, Spain
Rosa Ana Malvar-Pintos, Maize Genetics and Breeding, Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Pontevedra, Spain
Bernardo Ordas-Lopez, Maize Genetics and Breeding, Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Pontevedra, Spain
Albert Jody Vander Wal, Department of Plant Sciences, North Dakota State University, Fargo, US
Juan Manuel Osorno, Department of Plant Sciences, North Dakota State University, Fargo, US
Received: Jun. 14, 2018;       Accepted: Jul. 11, 2018;       Published: Aug. 6, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.plant.20180602.11      View  417      Downloads  33
Abstract
Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is the most important food legume grown worldwide. In Mexico, it is a strategic crop, occupying the second place in terms of cultivated area. Drought is the main problem for common bean production in Mexico. Some tepary (Phaseolus acutifolius A. Gray) and common bean genotypes can be a source for drought tolerance to improve commercial cultivars. The main objectives of this study were the evaluation of germination and seedling growth components in response to drought stress and the identification of sources of drought tolerance in both tepary and common bean. The experiment was conducted using various osmotic pressures (OP) induced by polyethylene glycol (PEG6000) (0, -0.15, -0.30 and -0.49 MPa) simulating an increase of drought stress in seven common bean and three tepary bean genotypes. The most drought-tolerant genotypes were two tepary beans: Tepary cafe which had a reduced root length of 21.4% and Tepary negro that decrease root length in a 29.7% compared to control at high osmotic pressure. Besides, two common beans: Rosa Bufa and Santa Fe (which decreased root length at high osmotic pressure in 46.0% and 34.2%, respectively) could be used as sources of favorable alleles to improve bean tolerance to drought. There are different strategies to tolerate drought, such as developing a long root, root fresh weight, and root dry weight.
Keywords
Tepary Bean, Common Bean, Drought Tolerance, Polyethylene Glycol, Osmotic Pressure
To cite this article
Jose Cruz Jimenez-Galindo, Lorena Alvarez-Iglesias, Pedro Revilla-Temino, Rodolfo Jacinto-Soto, Luis Enrique Garcia-Dominguez, Maria de La Fuente-Martinez, Rosa Ana Malvar-Pintos, Bernardo Ordas-Lopez, Albert Jody Vander Wal, Juan Manuel Osorno, Screening for Drought Tolerance in Tepary and Common Bean Based on Osmotic Potential Assays, Plant. Vol. 6, No. 2, 2018, pp. 24-32. doi: 10.11648/j.plant.20180602.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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